This is a history site, not a religious site! I am not religious, I 'only' study New England Puritanism and provide research material. Therefore this site does not contain "pro-puritan" propaganda. The aim is scientific and consequently I try to be as objective and reliable as possible, so that these pages can be helpful for other students of puritanism both in Old and New England, and mostly in the Seventeenth century, but also in the Sixteenth. I have tried to make available primary documents that can help you make your own opinion about this subject. Secondary material should be mistrusted a priori, till it proves 'sound'.
The risk is of course that of 'filiopietistic' interpretation of the past, a sort of uncritical celebration of the feats of one's ancestors. This is why I give you links towards academic projects, which can be expected to be reliable (or else what should??) and to sites I found useful for my own research.
I give you access to my own research as well, at least what I have been able to put online, that is for the time being my MA Thesis, which is a good place to start! ;-)
Calvinist theology and political philosophy
Theocracy, Aristocracy and
Democracy in Early New England
The English Reformation
Local History: Massachusetts
Of William Bradford; Of Plymouth Plantation: a short, in-progress selection of links pointing to online ressources on the work and its author, part of a project aiming at the first French edition of Bradford's narrative.
Locate Books on Puritanism (in progress)
Puritan Studies Research Group: Join us and discuss topics related to Puritanism, from a historical point of view. This Yahoo! discussion group is open to all students and academics interested in Politics, Religion and Society from Old to New England in the 16th and 17th centuries. This will not only be a place for theologians, but also for, say, students of justice in Jacobean Essex, the General Court of early Massachusetts, social relations in Elizabethan Lancashire, resistance in Zurich and Geneva, and Grace ... everywhere!
- Calling and resistance: Huldrych Zwingli’s (1484-1531) political theology and his legacy of resistance to tyranny, by Andries Raath and Shaun de Freitas [.pdf]
- Heinrich Bullinger and the Marian Exiles: The Political Foundations of Puritanism by Andries Raath and Shaun de Freitas [.pdf]
- The Origins of Defensive Natural Law in Huldrych Zwingli’s Covenant Theology by Andries Raath [.pdf]
Detailed Chronology of political
Evolution of the Distribution of Political Powers: a Diagram (be patient)
Images and Maps
Yale Law School's Avalon Project offers a great number of texts covering an incredible timespan, and obviously including seventeenth century history. This is the one place to find charters, grants etc.
The Hanover Historical Texts Project is another site where useful texts pertaining to puritanism on BOTH sides of the Atlantic can be found.
A Hypertext on American History from the colonial period until Modern Times contains original texts and analysis on American history in general. Their comments are reliable, on the whole, but the site is most interesting for the texts it has that cannot be found elsewhere.
American Colonist's Library
The Winthrop Society (their Links page) is a genealogical society which proposes a list of texts from the early decades of settlement in the Bay. These texts usually contain introductions and explanations on context, which can be useful though I personally don't agree with their interpretation. But the texts are still very useful as such, and their links page is also interesting.
The Mayflower Pages, by Caleb Johnson is an impressive site devoted to the Pilgrim Fathers and early Plymouth. As such it is quite useful in so far as Plymouth is a neglected colony compared to Massachusetts Bay. This site has extremely detailed genealogical information and a very wide scope of original texts, with useful commentaries and insight.
Plymouth Colony Archive Project,
Plimoth-on-Web: the site of the Plimoth Plantation Museum; it has a good deal of interesting information on the Pilgrims, their life before immigration, the myths that were created around them and lots of other useful things
Other sites of potential interest:
The Puritan Tradition and American Memory : an excellent scholarly article by Scott Atkins (University of Virginia), which focuses on reinterpretations of the Puritan past throughout American history. Very clear and well documented, it opens fascinating perspectives.
Fire and Ice: Puritan Sermons : the name is eloquent: a site which contains a lot of sermons and guides you to sites of interest (especially on specific divines).
A Puritan Mind : a large puritan site, by a Puritan, for Puritans: handle with care!
Christian Classics Ethereal Library : one of the best places to find texts by the Fathers of the Church or by a great number of churchmen.
Encyclopaedia Catholica : has interesting and not too biased articles on religion. Useful if you need a clear text on a precise (or general) point of theology or religious history. Their treatment of Protestantism is surprisingly objective.
The Voice of the Shuttle: their Renaissance Page Used to be a great site, but it is being refurbished, and many links seem to have disappeared...
Luminarium : devoted to sixteenth- and seventeenth-century literature in particular, it offers articles and texts on divines of the times (Foxe, Hooker).
Premise: archives. This page lists all the articles of all the back issues of the Premise review. Many of them are on the Reformation and politics and/or religious issues.
Reformed.org: Historic Church Documents page, featuring Creeds, Confessions of Faith (Dordt, Westminster), Catechisms, Sermons (Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield), and other documents, including the notes from the 1599 Geneva Bible: a most valuable primary sources page. The Confessions referred to above can be compared to the Cambridge Platform, stating the New England Way (1649)
NEQ Links Page: proposes links to New England's historical societies and major libraries. Could be useful for researchers, all the more so as they are centralized on one page.
Red, White, Blue and Brimstone: Online exhibition at the Library of the University of Virginia, on the Book of Revelations. Very comprehensive, and fully documented with dozens of beautiful pictures, mainly covers/pages.
CRIME, LAW and DISORDER in EARLY MODERN ENGLAND: a handy selection of websites, but more useful, two impressive bibliographies: one on the theme of 'Honour, Reputation and Defamation', the other, more general, entitled 'Crime, Law, and Order'
Created by Lauric
Henneton for Le Projet Albion©
Lauric Henneton, 2000-2003